Academic Year 2023-2024



Marisa Michelini
Danilo Catena
Unit Credits
Teaching Period
First Period
Course Type
Prerequisites. Learning outcomes of a Physics or Math Degree. In the case of Degree in Informatics or Engenering some integration are needed
Teaching Methods. Interactive lectures. Conceptual discussions. Examples of didactic activities. Flipped classroom. Experimental explorations and data analysis
Verification of Learning. PORTFOLIO containing

Teacher’s notebook containing for each topic the basic nuclei, the conceptual nodes, a direction of the didactic path, the concept map and proposals for experiments.

An in depth report on transversal aspects


More Information. Students will be assigned tasks that will help them build a set of teaching materials designed by reworking those based on research in literature for adequate secondary education.

If necessary, the course can be held in English.

The course aims to build those competences that are goals in the Dublin descriptors and that are inspired by the national recommendation for scientific curriculum (2012), by methods suggested in international research outcomes on prospective teacher education, to be able to produce the integration of differentiated knowledge into terms of professional development

Specific goals are

• To form a teacher who integrates the knowledge of the contents (CK) with the pedagogical one

(PK) for a professional teaching – teach ability – (PCK) on the basic scientific education in which physics has

its own specific role in a transversal perspective.

• Reconstruct the foundations of physics in a didactic perspective to form those cultural bases that

allow to answer the curious questions on everyday phenomena.

• Get used to metacognitive reflection on scientific knowledge to build a personal one

conceptual knowledge and design consistent proposals in educational terms for the context

of physics.

• Discuss research results on scientific learning processes and in physics in particular

to build skills for the use of effective strategies and methods producing learning environments for scientific learning.

• Offer opportunities to learn, experience, discuss and re-elaborate educational proposals for

the secondary school.

• Building the teacher’s skills to organize scientific learning from first observations of the world, gradually, to formal thought and the interpretative models, bridging from ideas of common sense to scientific ones.

• Learn how to document spontaneous processes of conceptual construction of knowledge in

physics to make use of it in operational terms.

• Addressing issues that are necessary to guarantee competence on the following topics foreseen in the

legislation: measures and units of measurement; density and principle of Archimedes; the atomic composition of some materials; elements of astronomy; elements of electrostatics and electrical circuits; heat and temperature; thermal phenomena and thermodynamics; the sound.

• Looking in interdisciplinar perspective the different topics for the ecological soustenability of our word and of the educational process

• Become aware of the main concepts in modern physics interpretation of the world


The characters of physics teaching professionalism and teacher training models

Active teaching strategies and methods: IBL and PEC methods.

Didactic planning: the theoretical framework of the MER and the DBR. The learning progression.

Monitoring of learning, monitoring tools and methods of data analysis.

The students’ spontaneous ideas and the role of conceptual change for science learning

The role of Lab in Physics Education.

The role of ICT for learning physics.

Discussion of didactic proposals on the following topics

PRELUDE TO PHYSICS. The epistemic roots of physics, the founding nuclei and the their own methodologies. Role of theories, models and laws. The principles of physics and the nature of physics quantities.

THE MEASURE. The physics quantities. Measurements and Measurement instruments. Exploring the main quantities: length, surface, volume, mass, time, density. Calibration of measuring instruments.

MOTO: Reference systems. Position, speed and acceleration in bi- and three-dimensional motion. The graphs of the motion.

ASTRONOMY. Positional astronomy. Local and global reference systems. From the study of

the motion of the sun in an Alt-azimutal system to the planetary model in relation to everyday phenomena, to the seasons. Gnomons, sundials and calendars.

THE DYNAMICS. Force as interaction. Gravitational interaction. The weight. The elastic force. The constrained reaction. Friction. Other types of forces. The laws of dynamics. The bouncing balls phenomenon. Collisions and momentum. Principle of inertia and inertia systems. Static and dynamic equilibrium of mayterial point and of systems.

FLUIDS. Properties of fluids in eqyuilibrium and the main applications. Pressure. Pascal principle. Stevino’s law. Archimedes’ buoyancy and law. Basics of fluiddynamics.

SOUND. Sources, characteristics, propagation and sound detection. The waves and the sound waves.

Exploration of sound and musical phenomena.

STATES AND THERMAL PROCESSES. Temperature and thermal equilibrium. Thermal sensation and thermal interactions. From heat exchanges to the nature of heat. States and thermodynamics processes. Phase transition. Heat and work of dissipative forces.

ENERGY. Nature and operational definition of energy as a process language and transformation

descriptor. Exploration of transformations and rereading them in energy terms. Internal

energy and the first principle of thermodynamics. Irreversibility of natural phenomena and the second principle of thermodynamics.

OPTICS. Exploration in the daily of phenomena of reflection, refraction and diffraction, polarization. Light and vision. Common sense ideas. Nature of light and historical models. Light propagation and detection, images.

ELECTRICAL PHENOMENA AND CIRCUITS. The charge in matter. Electrical interactions and their

main descriptors. The electrical potential and the motion of the charges. The electrical circuit and the current. Study of simple circuits and equivalent circuits.

MAGNETIC PHENOMENA. Magnetic properties of matter. Magnetic interactions between different materials and magnetic field lines as descriptors of the magnetic

Modern Physics in Secondary School and in particular:

OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPY. Light and colors. Sources of light. Light-matter interaction. Energy and light. Optical spectra.

properties of space.

QUANTUM MECHANICS: a conceptual path on the fundamenta.

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY: an experimental path on phenomena.

o An introductory physics book, as: i seguenti: 1) Ezio Regozzino,

Principi di Fisica, EdiSES; 2) Peter J Nolan, Fondamenti di Fisica, Zanichelli

o A Ambrosini, M Caporaloni, M Ambrosini, La misura , Zanichelli

o Cottino L, Dal Corso, etc, MISURA, 10, Pitagora Editrice Bologna

‐ A B Arons, Guida all’insegnamento della Fisica, Zanichelli, Bologna

‐ M Vicentini, M Mayer, Didattica della Fisica , La Nuova Italia

‐ J J Schwab , L’insegnamento della scienza , Armando Armando Editore, Roma

‐ C Swartz, Preludio alla fisica , Casa editrice Ambrosiana, Milano

o Problemi di apprendimento sui principali concetti fisici di base. Principali riferimenti: a) Misconceptions in , b) Numero speciale de La Fisica nella Scuola 1979 (

– Studio del moto: materiali di riferimento sono le proposte di attività contenute in Michelini M, Santi L, Sperando R.M., Proposte didattiche su forze e movimento. Le tecnologie informatiche nel superamento di nodi concettuali in fisica. Forum, 2002. Udine, Italia. ISBN 88-8420-075-X

Bibliografia – Materiali di supporto

o Testi e schede didattiche del pacchetto:

o Testi e materiali consultabili anche nella pagina

‐ Imperio A, Michelini M (2006), I fluidi in equilibrio: una proposta didattica basata su un percorso di esperimenti, Forum, Italy [ISBN: 88-8420-371-6].

‐ Imperio A, Michelini M, Santi L (2006), I fluidi in equilibrio: catalogo di esperimenti, Forum, Italy

[ISBN: 88-8420-361-9].

‐ Gigante S, Michelini M(2006), Fenomeni termici: una proposta didattica, Forum, Italy.

‐ Michelini, M, Stefanel A, Stati e processi termici, Litho Stampa 2004.

‐ Michelini M, Stefanel A, I fenomeni elettromagnetici, Litho Stampa, 2004.

‐ Fedele B, Michelini M, Stefanel A (2006), Fenomeni magnetici ed elettromagnetici: una proposta

didattica, Forum, Italy.

‐ Fedele B, Michelini M, Stefanel A (2006), Fenomeni magnetici ed elettromagnetici: catalogo di

esperimenti, Forum, Italy [ISBN: 88-8420-362-7].

‐ Michelini M, Toffolo A (2006), Fenomeni acustici: una proposta didattica, Forum, Italy